International Baccalaureate(IB)

The IB offers an education for students from age 3 to 19, comprising of four programmes that focus on teaching students to think critically and independently, and how to inquire with care and logic. The IB prepares students to succeed in a world where facts and fiction merge in the news, and where asking the right questions is a crucial skill that will allow them to flourish long after they’ve left our programs. We are supported by IB teachers and coordinators who develop and promote the IB’s curriculums in over 5,000 schools globally every day, in over 150 countries around the world.


These are all the classes the IB has created a curriculum and test for. There are in total 57 classes (counting HL and SL separately).They are categorized as the six subject groups.

To receive your IB Diploma, you must take classes from all six categories. Note that you may study an additional science, individuals and societies, or languages course instead of an arts course. You must also complete what is known as the core, which includes an additional class called Theory of Knowledge (TOK).


The first group of IB Diploma courses is the language and literature ones. According to the IB, these classes hope to “develop a student’s lifelong interest in language and literature, and a love for the richness of human expression.”

Language A: Literature (SL & HL)

Introduces students to the analysis of literary texts in 55 languages and may be studied in any language with a sufficiently developed written literature.

Language A: Language and Literature (SL & HL)

Introduces the critical study and interpretation of written and spoken texts from a wide range of literary forms and non-literary text-types. Available for study in 17 languages.

Literature and Performance (SL)

Aims to explore the relationship between literature and theatre. Main focus is the interaction between the literary skills of close reading, critical writing, and discussion; and the practical, aesthetic, and symbolic elements of performance.

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The main purpose of this group of classes is to help students acquire competency in a foreign language while learning about and appreciating another culture.

Classical Languages (SL & HL)

Latin or Classical Greek coursework provides opportunities for students to study the language, literature, and culture of ancient Rome or Greece.

Language ab Initio (SL)

For beginners (that is, students who have little or no previous experience of learning the language they have chosen).

Language B (SL & HL)

For students with some previous experience of learning the language. Students develop the ability to communicate in the target language through the study of language, themes, and texts. Also develop conceptual understandings of how language works.

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The third group of IB Diploma courses spans various social science subjects, such as social studies, psychology, and politics. This group’s goals are for students to develop “a critical appreciation of human experience and behavior” and learn more about cultural institutions and the different types of environments people inhabit.

Business Management (SL & HL) 

Designed to develop students’ knowledge and understanding of business management theories, as well as their ability to apply a range of tools and techniques. Students learn to analyse, discuss, and evaluate business activities at local, national, and international levels.

Economics (SL & HL)

Allows students to develop an understanding of the complexities and interdependence of economic activities in a rapidly changing world.

Geography (SL & HL)

Integrates both physical and human geography, and ensures that students acquire elements of both scientific and socioeconomic methodologies. Examines key global issues, such as poverty, sustainability, and climate change.

Global Politics (SL & HL)  

Explores fundamental political concepts such as power, equality, sustainability, and peace. Allows students to develop an understanding of the local, national, international, and global dimensions of political activity.

History (SL & HL)

A world history course based on a comparative, multi-perspective approach to history and focused around key historical concepts such as change, causation, and significance. Involves the study of a variety of types of history, including political, economic, social, and cultural.

Information Technology in a Global Society (SL & HL)

Framework uses an integrated approach, encouraging students to make informed judgments and decisions about the role of information and communication technologies in contemporary society. Based on three interconnected strands: social and ethical significance, application to specified scenarios, and IT systems.

Philosophy (SL & HL)

A systematic critical inquiry into profound, fascinating, and challenging questions such as: What is it to be human? Do we have free will? What do we mean when we say something is right or wrong?

Psychology (SL & HL)

Systematic study of behavior and mental processes. Examines the interaction of biological, cognitive, and sociocultural influences on human behavior.

Social and Cultural Anthropology (SL & HL)

Offers an opportunity for students to explore and understand humankind in all its diversity through the comparative study of culture and human societies. Contributes to an understanding of contemporary issues, such as war and conflict, the environment, poverty, injustice, inequality, and human and cultural rights.

World Religions (SL)

A systematic, analytical, yet empathetic study of the variety of beliefs and practices encountered in nine main religions of the world. Seeks to promote an awareness of religious issues in the contemporary world by requiring the study of a diverse range of religions.

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In this group of classes, you’ll choose a physical science or technological science to study. The goal is to have students deepen their understanding of the scientific method.

Biology (SL & HL)

Biologists investigate the living world at all levels using many different approaches and techniques. At one end of the scale is the cell, its molecular construction and complex metabolic reactions. At the other end of the scale biologists investigate the interactions that make whole ecosystems function.

Chemistry (SL & HL)

Chemistry is an experimental science that combines academic study with the acquisition of practical and investigational skills.

Computer Science (SL & HL)

A rigorous and practical problem-solving discipline. Computational thinking lies at the heart of the course and is integrated with other topics. This will be supported by practical activities including programming.

Design Technology (SL & HL)

Aims to develop internationally minded people whose enhanced understanding of design and the technological world can facilitate our shared guardianship of the planet and create a better world. Focuses on analysis, design development, synthesis, and evaluation.

Environmental Systems and Societies* (SL)         

Students will be provided with a coherent perspective of the interrelationships between environmental systems and societies, one that enables them to adopt an informed personal response to the wide range of pressing environmental issues that they will inevitably come to face.

Physics (SL & HL)   

The most fundamental of the experimental sciences, as it seeks to explain the universe itself from the very smallest particles to the vast distances between galaxies.

Sports, Exercise, and Health Science (SL & HL) 

Incorporates the disciplines of anatomy and physiology, biomechanics, psychology, and nutrition, which are studied in the context of sport, exercise, and health.

*Interdisciplinary course that also counts for Group 3 (see above)

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Mathematical Studies SL(known as Math Studies)

  • Numbers and algebra
  • Descriptive statistics
  • Logic, sets and probability
  • Statistical application
  • Geometry and trigonometry
  • Mathematical models
  • Introduction to different calculus
  • Project- An individual piece of work involving the collection

of information or the generation of measurements, and subsequent the analysis and evaluation.

Mathematics SL

  • Algebra
  • Functions and equations
  • Circular functions and trigonometry
  • Vectors Topic
  • Statistics and probability
  • Calculus
  • Mathematical exploration internal assessment in mathematics SL is an individual exploration. This is a piece of written work that involves investigating an area of mathematics

Mathematics HL

  • Algebra
  • Functions and equations
  • Circular functions and trigonometry
  • Vectors
  • Statistics and probability
  • Calculus

Option syllabus content for Mathematic HL

Students must study one of the following options.

  • Statistics and probability
  • Sets, relations and groups
  • Calculus
  • Discrete mathematics

Mathematical exploration a piece of individual written work that involves investigating an area of mathematics.

Further Mathematics HL

  • Linear algebra
  • Topic
  • Geometry
  • Statistics and probability
  • Sets, relations and groups
  • Calculus
  • Discrete mathematics

The Mathematics seem to be similar but they progress from easy to difficult.

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This final group of IB classes focuses on creativity and a variety of artistic endeavors, including the visual arts (e.g., drawing and painting) and the performing arts (e.g., theatre and dance). If you do not want to take an arts course, you can substitute this requirement by taking an additional class from groups 1, 2, 3, or 4.

Dance (SL & HL)

Focuses on the composition, performance, and analysis of dance, or “expressive movement,” which is practiced among peoples of various backgrounds, and for a variety of purposes, throughout the world. Students create, participate in, and reflect upon dance forms and styles from a range of cultures and traditions, both familiar and unfamiliar.

Film (SL & HL)

Aims to develop students as proficient interpreters and makers of film texts. Through the study and analysis of film texts, and through practical exercises in film production, the film course develops students’ critical abilities and their appreciation of artistic, cultural, historical, and global perspectives in film.

Music (SL & HL)

Students develop their knowledge and potential as musicians, both personally and collaboratively. Exposes students to forms, styles, and functions of music from a wide range of historical and socio-cultural contexts.

Theatre (SL & HL)

Encourages discovery through experimentation, the taking of risks, and the presentation of ideas to others. Gives students the opportunity to make theatre as creators, designers, directors, and performers. Emphasizes the importance of working both individually and collaboratively as part of an ensemble.

Visual Arts (SL & HL)

Encourages students to challenge their own creative and cultural expectations and boundaries. A thought-provoking course in which students develop analytical skills in problem-solving and divergent thinking, while working towards technical proficiency and confidence as art-makers.

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